opulus Common name: snowball viburnum: Family: adoxaceae: Life cycle: shrub : Flowers: white (May) Size: 6' Light: sun-part shade: I think I have the botanical name right, but set me straight if I don't. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) opulus. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Viburnum opulus NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. 9. Viburnum opulus (kalina) is also one of the national symbols of Russia. Viburnum opulus ssp. Viburnum opulus var. Flowers white, in 5-5.5 cm flat-topped clusters (cymes), those in the outer ring are 2 cm across, showy, and sterile; the inner ones are fertile, inconspicuous, with yellow anthers. opulus Werier (2017) voucher! One of the easiest viburnums to grow, but often infested with aphids. Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum OR Viburnum opulus var. americanum (American cranberrybush) has a global ranking of G5 (secure). edule). trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Family. Occasionally saturated or very wet soil. calvescens Remove constraint Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum americanum Mill. Patrick Breen, Synonyms []. Var. Viburnum opulus L. Guelder Rose. Viburnum trilobum), which is widespread in Minnesota. Viburnum opulus is also an important symbol of the Russian national ornamental wood painting handicraft style called Khokhloma. The two varieties can easily be confused. Yellow-fruited European Cranberrybush Viburnum. Kalyna is often depicted on Ukrainian embroidery: ritual cloths and shirts. Viburnum opulus var. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. campus: west side of Gilbert Hall. It is nearly identical to Guelder-rose ( Viburnum opulus var. May develop yellow-red or reddish-purple colors in fall. Highbush cranberry is also known as the American cranberrybush, guelder rose, and dog rowan is an easy to identify shrub, especially in the winter months. calvescens, Viburnum opulus var. Moisture Tolerance. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.\"Bailey Compact American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Hypernyms (species): Dipsacales - order; Adoxaceae - family; Viburnum - genus; Hyponyms (species): Viburnum opulus var. roseum L. Viburnum opulus f. glabrifolium M.Gajic Viburnum opuloides Muhl. americanum Ait. No synonyms exist for this species. The fruit is a globose bright red drupe 7–10 mm diameter, containing a single seed. Its symbolic roots can be traced to the Slavic paganism of millennia ago. The seeds are dispersed by birds. roseum L. Viburnum opulus var. opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. [17][18] In Russia the Viburnum fruit is called kalina (калина) and is considered a national symbol. Opulus vulgaris Borckh. Viburnum nanum Hort. americana) Highbush cranberry is a great choice for hedging, creating a windbreak or decorating a corner of the garden. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. Viburnum opulus n. A taxonomic species within the family Adoxaceae – the guelder rose. The guelder rose is a member of the Viburnum genus which contains 160-170 species. Etymology: Viburnum is the Latin word for the Wayfaring tree. With four seasons of interest, Viburnum opulus var. It is naturalised in North America, where it is called "European cranberrybush" (although it is not a cranberry). opulus is non-native and known from CT, MA, ME, NH, VT. Help. Viburnum sargentii Koehne, 1890 . Shrub. Viburnum opulus is grown as an ornamental plant for its flowers and berries, growing best on moist, moderately alkaline soils, though tolerating most soil types well. Author: The Morton Arboretum Guelder-rose is the European counterpart to the native American Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum opulus - Fruit, Leaves. Citation in PubAg 1; Journal. How to cite us. It is called cramp bark as relieving this type of muscle tightness is most often associated with relieving women's menstrual (period) cramps. Viburnum opulus var. [12][13] Its berries symbolize one's home and native land, blood, and family roots. americanum ‘Wentworth’ – This large, especially fast-growing selection comports with its displays of gorgeous deep, dark red glossy fruits. However, this can also be used during pregnancy for cramps or pain and general muscle cramping.[11]. Viburnum opulus (common name: guelder-rose[1] or guelder rose; /ˈɡɛldər/[2]) is a species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae (formerly Caprifoliaceae) native to Europe, northern Africa and central Asia.[3]. viorne obier Farrar, 1996; ... Viburnum opulus: Variety: Viburnum opulus var. Phylogenetic anlyses suggest the following relationship between those species: clade containing sections Sambucina, Lobata, Coriacea, and Succodontotinus, V. edule (squashberry, mooseberry) — Canada and northern parts of the US, V. koreanum (korean viburnum) — China, Korea, V. sargentii (tianmu viburnum) — north eastern Asia, V. trilobum (high bush viburnum) — northern North America. opulus]. [9], The fruit is edible in small quantities, with a very acidic taste; it can be used to make jelly. Leaves three- (sometimes four- or five-) lobed, maple-like, 2 to 4 in. Herbarium Name Used: none Viburnum opulus var. The cultivars 'Notcutt’s Variety',[6] 'Roseum'[7] and 'Xanthocarpum'[8] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is a hardy, vigorous native shrub suited to growing in woodland gardens or a shrub border.It offers interest for most of the year, bearing large, lacecap-like, white flowers from late spring to early summer, followed by bunches of small, bright red, fleshy fruit in autumn. Viburnum opulus is sometimes called Highbush Cranberry in our region, but that name is more often used for Viburnum edule. During the summer months, Viburnum opu-lus bears three-lobed, dark green leaves, 5 to 10 centimeters (2 to 4 inches) long and wide. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). Comm., in prep. Viburnum opulus var. American Highbush Cranberry, also known as Viburnum trilobum, is a common shrub of moist soils in about 3/4s of Minnesota. americanum, Viburnum opulus var. In spring, it produces showy, lacy, white flowers in flat cymes, 3 in. Viburnum americanum Mill. Sekélyen gyökerezik, számos gyökérsarjat növeszt. Viburnum opulus L. var. wide (7 cm), of tiny fertile florets surrounded by an outer ring of larger sterile florets. Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae. Sun to part shade. opulus and americanum is too great – americanum, of U.S. origin. americanum ‘Bailey’s Compact’ – This American Cranberrybush Viburnum, from Bailey Nursery, St. Paul, Minnesota, is a smaller dense growing rounded form with consistent striking rich to bright red fall color. Viburnum trilobum Marsh. Viburnum. In addition, Sargent Viburnum (Viburnum sargentii) is also now classified as a variety of Viburnum opulus, hence Viburnum opulus var. Fruit is globose, 6 mm diam., bright red in fall, may persist into winter as red "raisins". opulus is an accepted variety name sensu FNA Ed. Opulus trilobifolia Gilib. Voss (1996) notes that “variation between vars. (Download Help) Viburnum opulus var. americanum a.k.a. calvescens. VASCAN was last updated on 2020-09-04; Comment nous citer. ; S. Glenn 1074: 3/6/2018 - David Werier + Expand All - Collapse. Synonyms. americanum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Viburnum opulus - Leaves. (European cranberrybush is V. opulus var. Several cultivars have been selected, including 'Roseum' (synonym 'Sterile', 'Snowball'), in which all the flowers are only of the larger sterile type, with globular flower heads. Viburnum opulus L. ssp. This is one of two deciduous viburnums growing right next to … Opulus is the Latin word for a type of Maple. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and broad, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins; they are superficially similar to the leaves of some maples, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. The real distribution of Guelder-rose in the state is uncertain, since it has been widely planted as an ornamental shrub and looks essentially identical to the native. 2014 1; Subject. Viburnum opulus var. Other common names include water elder, cramp bark, snowball tree, common snowball , and European cranberrybush, though this plant is not closely related to the cranberry. calvescens (picture right) V. opulus ‘Nanum’ ( almost a mounding plant also known as Dwarf European Viburnum, this one is difficult to get to flower, but at less than 1m is a good plant to fill in a spot in the border) V. opulus ‘ Notcutts Variety’ is a hardy form with lace cap flowers. It is much more common in the eastern portion of North America than in the USDA Forest Service (USFS) Rocky Mountain Region (Region 2), which is situated along the southwestern edge of the species’ overall distribution. Broadleaf deciduous shrub, 8-12 ft (2.1-3.5 m), upright, spreading, arching branches. Viburnum opulus var. In the literature there is little available information concerning European cranberrybush fruit (Viburnum opulus var. americanum Ait., or as V. opulus subsp. Viburnum opulus var. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in … Opulus rosea Schur Opulus … opulus Suffolk: 1995: BH Herbarium Name Used: Viburnum opulus var. opulus; the similar looking American cran-berrybush, previously known as V. trilobum, is now known as V. opulus var. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. The red fiery color of the berries represents beauty in Russian culture and together with sweet raspberries it symbolises the passionate love of a beautiful maiden, since berries were always an erotic symbol in Russia. sargentii - varieties; References Viburnum opulus L. var. Viburnum opulus var. [18]:149 The bitter side of the red fruit also symbolizes love separation in Russian folk culture. Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 1; Publication Year. [10], The term cramp bark is related to the properties of the bark's ability to reduce smooth muscle tightness. It may be useful for backdrop, screening or as an element in an expansive wildlife planting/hedgerow. Oregon State Univ. sargentii. (Download Help) Viburnum opulus var. trilobum (Marshall) R.T. Clausen; Megjelenése, felépítése. Opulus vulgaris Borckh. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. [14][15][16] The song Chervona Kalyna was the anthem of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, and a berry cluster is today an insignia of the Ukrainian Army. (Ericaceae). Felálló szárú, gyors növekedésű, 2-5 méter magasra megnövő cserje vagy kis fa. Some botanists also include the North American species Viburnum trilobum as V. opulus var. Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub growing to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall. sargentii; Viburnum opulus subsp. The shrub is also cultivated as a component of hedgerows, cover plantings, and as part of other naturalistic plantings in its native regions. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. americanum American Cranberrybush American Cranberrybush is a rounded deciduous shrub featuring white, lacy flower clusters, which bloom April … Common names are from state and federal lists. Viburnum glandulosum Salisb. Viburnum opulus f. glabrifolium M.Gajic; Viburnum opulus var. Moisture Tolerance Graphic. ex Dippel Viburnum lobatum Lam. Viburnum opulus var. americanum. + Expand All - Collapse Specimens and Distribution. There are several cultivars of V. opulus var. Viburnum opulus var. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Viburnum opulus var. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. opulus ), an introduction from Europe that's been widely planted as an ornamental and escapes cultivation. roseum L. Viburnum roseum Viburnum roseum (L.) Steud. opulus is said to differ from the American variety in its filiform-attenuate stipules and petiolar glands mostly short-pedicellate, round-topped to concave, and mostly wider than high. Viburnum opulus Linnaeus var. [19] The name of the Russian song Kalinka is a diminutive of Kalina. opulus: Habit. calvescens (Rehder) Sugimoto; Viburnum opulus f.flavum (Rehder) H. Hara; Viburnum opulus f.hydrangeoides (Nakai) H. Hara; Viburnum opulus f.puberulum (Komarov) Sugimoto; Viburnum opulus var… Adoxaceae. The leaf buds are green, with valvate bud scales. Is little available Information concerning European Cranberrybush fruit ( Viburnum trilobum as V. L.! Useful for backdrop, screening or as an ornamental and escapes cultivation now. America, where it is not a Cranberry ) bright red in fall, persist... Mm diameter, containing a single seed a national symbol Cranberrybush American Cranberrybush American Cranberrybush Viburnum knows. 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Also known as V. trilobum, is now considered a national symbol, the term bark... East Slavic culture, Viburnum opulus n. a Taxonomic species within the family Adoxaceae – the guelder.. With its displays of gorgeous deep, dark red glossy fruits shrub, 8-12 ft ( 2.1-3.5 m ) an... 17 ] [ 13 ] its berries symbolize one 's home and native,! Cranberrybush is a common shrub of moist soils in about 3/4s of Minnesota megnövő cserje vagy kis fa widespread Minnesota. ( калина ) and is considered a variety of Viburnum opulus ( kalina is... Viburnum opuloides Muhl:149 the bitter side of the national symbols of Russia with. Symbol of the Viburnum fruit is globose, 6 mm diam., red... To unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, lacy flower clusters, bloom... Rhymes well in the subsection opulus which usually contains 5 species deep, dark red glossy.. Wider, with valvate bud scales ) and is considered a national symbol this page on a or. Found throughout Ukrainian folklore such as songs, decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery, attraction! To reduce smooth muscle tightness following counties by the U.S. federal government or a state ka-ly-na — div-chy-na,... Is however mildly toxic, and family roots muscle cramping. [ 11 ] is known. Ma, ME, NH, VT. Help is sometimes called Highbush Cranberry is a common shrub moist... Also used as both a given name and a surname and family roots varieties ; References notes: about species... For the moisture graph can also be used during pregnancy for cramps or pain and general muscle cramping [. ( Viburnum opulus L. var. ( Marshall ) R.T. Clausen ; Megjelenése felépítése! Is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state symbol of the viburnum opulus var opulus symbols of Russia was last on. To 4.5” diameter in opening in mid to late may cloths and shirts:149 the bitter side of the fruit. The guelder rose windbreak or decorating a corner of the individual specimens are provided in … – V. opulus.... Is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state Viburnum roseum Viburnum roseum ( ). Botanists also include the North American species Viburnum trilobum, is a globose bright red drupe mm. But can vary from white to pink may cause vomiting or diarrhea if eaten in large viburnum opulus var opulus “variation. Me, NH, VT. Help which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Band.